Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 33(3) (2013) 521-530
doi: 10.7151/dmgt.1690

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Decompositions of Plane Graphs under Parity Constrains Given by Faces

Július Czap

Department of Applied Mathematics and Business Informatics
Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Košice
Němcovej 32, SK-040 01 Košice, Slovakia

Zsolt Tuza

Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
H-1053 Budapest, Reáltanoda u.~13--15, Hungary
Department of Computer Science and Systems Technology
University of Pannonia
H-8200 Veszprém, Egyetem u.~10, Hungary
e-mail: tuza@dcs.uni-pannon.hu


An edge coloring of a plane graph G is facially proper if no two face-adjacent edges of G receive the same color. A facial (facially proper) parity edge coloring of a plane graph G is an (facially proper) edge coloring with the property that, for each color c and each face f of G, either an odd number of edges incident with f is colored with c, or color c does not occur on the edges of f. In this paper we deal with the following question: For which integers k does there exist a facial (facially proper) parity edge coloring of a plane graph G with exactly k colors?

Keywords: plane graph, parity partition, edge coloring

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C10, 05C15.


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Received 19 October 2011
Revised 11 January 2013
Accepted 14 January 2013