Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 31(4) (2011) 763-773
doi: 10.7151/dmgt.1578

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Roman Bondage in Graphs

Nader Jafari Rad

Department of Mathematics
Shahrood University of Technology
Shahrood, Iran
School of Mathematics
Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM)
P.O. Box 19395--5746, Tehran, Iran

Lutz Volkmann

Lehrstuhl II für Mathematik
RWTH Aachen University
Templergraben 55, D--52056 Aachen, Germany


A Roman dominating function on a graph G is a function f:V(G) →{0,1,2} satisfying the condition that every vertex u for which f(u) = 0 is adjacent to at least one vertex v for which f(v) = 2. The weight of a Roman dominating function is the value f(V(G)) = ∑u ∈ V(G)f(u). The Roman domination number, γR(G), of G is the minimum weight of a Roman dominating function on G. In this paper, we define the Roman bondage bR(G) of a graph G with maximum degree at least two to be the minimum cardinality of all sets E ⊆ E(G) for which γR(G −E) > γR(G). We determine the Roman bondage number in several classes of graphs and give some sharp bounds.

Keywords: domination, Roman domination, Roman bondage number

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69.


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Received 14 June 2010
Revised 23 November 2010
Accepted 23 November 2010