Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 28(1) (2008) 165-178
doi: 10.7151/dmgt.1399

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RADIO k-LABELINGS FOR CARTESIAN PRODUCTS
OF GRAPHS

Mustapha Kchikech, Riadh Khennoufa and  Olivier Togni

LE2I, UMR CNRS 5158
Université de Bourgogne, 21078 Dijon cedex, France
e-mail: {kchikech, khennoufa, otogni}@u-bourgogne.fr

Abstract

Frequency planning consists in allocating frequencies to the transmitters of a cellular network so as to ensure that no pair of transmitters interfere. We study the problem of reducing interference by modeling this by a radio k-labeling problem on graphs: For a graph G and an integer k ≥ 1, a radio k-labeling of G is an assignment f of non negative integers to the vertices of G such that
|f(x)−f(y)| ≥ k+1−dG(x,y),

for any two vertices x and y, where dG(x,y) is the distance between x and y in G. The radio k-chromatic number is the minimum of max{f(x)−f(y):x,y ∈ V(G)} over all radio k-labelings f of G. In this paper we present the radio k-labeling for the Cartesian product of two graphs, providing upper bounds on the radio k-chromatic number for this product. These results help to determine upper and lower bounds for radio k-chromatic numbers of hypercubes and grids. In particular, we show that the ratio of upper and lower bounds of the radio number and the radio antipodal number of the square grid is asymptotically [3/2].

Keywords: graph theory, radio channel assignment, radio k-labeling, Cartesian product, radio number, antipodal number.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C15, 05C78.

References

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Received 28 March 2007
Revised 24 September 2007
Accepted 24 September 2007