Authors:
Y. Lin, X. Wang
Title:
Core index of perfect matching polytope for a 2-connected cubic graph
Source:
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory
Received 04.04.2016, Revised 31.10.2016, Accepted 31.10.2016, doi: 10.7151/dmgt.2001

Abstract:
For a 2-connected cubic graph G, the perfect matching polytope P(G) of G contains a special point xc=(\frac{1}{3}, \frac{1}{3},..., \frac{1}{3}). The core index φ(P(G)) of the polytope P(G) is the minimum number of vertices of P(G) whose convex hull contains xc. The Fulkerson's conjecture asserts that every 2-connected cubic graph G has six perfect matchings such that each edge appears in exactly two of them, namely, there are six vertices of P(G) such that xc is the convex combination of them, which implies that φ(P(G))≤ 6. It turns out that the latter assertion in turn implies the Fan-Raspaud conjecture: In every 2-connected cubic graph G, there are three perfect matchings M1, M2, and M3 such that M1∩ M2∩ M3=\emptyset. In this paper we prove the Fan-Raspaud conjecture for φ(P(G)) ≤ 12 with certain dimensional conditions.
Keywords:
Fulkerson's conjecture, Fan-Raspaud conjecture, cubic graph, perfect matching polytope, core index

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